Odisha Officials Begin Work Towards Improving Multidimensional Poverty Index

Chief Secretary Suresh Mahapatra directed all secretaries to understand the intricacies of the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) and monitor developmental interventions for quick attainment of the identified goals. This step was taken after Odisha performed poorly in achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs) ranking of NITI Aayog.

A consultative workshop on the multidimensional poverty index in collaboration with NITI Aayog was held in Bhubaneswar. The following subjects were discussed during the meeting:

The Chief Secretary underlined that the focus of SDG is to end poverty in all its forms everywhere, and therefore, multidimensional poverty measurement parameter is crucial for the achievement of the SDG-2030 agenda.

Pradeep Kumar Jena, Development Commissioner, said that the MPI reflects both the incidence and intensity of poverty. He further said that the MPI signifies how many are poor in a given population and the level of their deprivation.

The workshop was held in three different sessions divided into an introduction to basic concepts and calculation methodology, state and district wise performance indicators, data extraction and data structure.

Odisha slipped in the MPI ranking from 15 to 19 and is among the bottom five states in the list. The state scored excellently in some parameters, but those were not taken into account for MPI calculation.

MPI is computed based on 10 indicators regulated into three divisions – health, education and standard of living. The health division includes indicators like nutrition and child mortality. The education division comprises years of schooling of a household member and school attendance up to the age of the completion of class eight. Meanwhile, the standard of living division includes indicators like cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, housing, electricity and assets.

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