Odisha Excavation Site Unearths 4,000 Year Old Settlement

A recent excavation work commissioned by the State government and executed through The Odisha Institute of Maritime and South-East Asian Studies (OIMSEAS), has led to the discovery of a 4000 year old settlement and artefact in the Balasore district.

The OIMSEAS had requested permission from the Archaeological Survey of India to document the remains of the site at the Durgadevi village in Remuna tehsil after it uncovered traces of fortified early historic sites near the Balasore town. Durgadevi is located 20 km from Balasore town. As per the ASI, the site has a circular mud fortification of about 4.9 km between the Sona river to the south and the Burahabalang river on its northeastern margin.

Odisha 4000 year old settlement excavation

The site remains are now being estimated to belong to all three distinct cultural phases of humankind- Chalcolithic (2000 BCE to 1000 BCE), the Iron Age (1000 BCE to 400 BCE) and the Early Historic Period (400 BCE to 200 BCE). “Two small nullas, Gangahara and Prassana, join the site on its north and south, forming a natural moat for the site, which was an ancient water management system developed at least 4,000 years back from the present,” the institute said.

The excavation was commenced with the primary aim to correlate the growth and expansion in maritime trade and regional development in the eastern sector linking the Ganga valley in the north and the Mahanadi valley in central Odisha, more particularly to focus on early cultural development in northern Odisha, the institute remarked.

“The major discovery of the Chalcolithic period of Durgadevi is the base of a circular hut, black on red painted pottery, black slipped ware, red slipped ware and copper objects. The floor of the circular hut is rammed with red soil,” said Sunil Kumar Pattnaik, archaeologist and Secretary, OIMSEAS.

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